ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 153

Attalus (Stoic)

Attalus was a Stoic philosopher in the reign of Tiberius around 25 AD. He was defrauded of his property by Sejanus, and exiled where we was reduced to cultivating the ground. The elder Seneca describes him as a man of great eloquence, and by far ...

John Audelay

John Audelay was an English priest and poet from Haughmond Abbey, in Shropshire; one of the few English poets of the period whose name is known to us. Some of the first Christmas carols recorded in English appear among his works.

Gnaeus Aufidius Orestes

Originally born into the Orestes branch of the Plebeian gens Aurelia, Aufidius Orestes was adopted by the elderly Gnaeus Aufidius, a Roman historian. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the Plebeian tribunate, but was elected to the post of Aedi ...

Aurea of Ostia

Saint Aurea of Ostia is venerated as the patron saint of Ostia. According to one scholar," lthough the acta of Saint Aurea are pious fiction, she was a genuine martyr with a very early cultus at Ostia.” According to tradition, she was martyred so ...

Austromoine

During the consulship in 250 AD of the Emperor Decius and Vettius Gratus, according to Gregory of Tours, who calls him Stremonius, Pope Fabian sent out seven bishops from Rome to Gaul to preach the Gospel: Gatien to Tours, Trophimus to Arles, Pau ...

Luys dAverço

Luys dAverço or Luis de Averso was a Catalan politician, naval financier, and man of letters. His magnum opus, the Torcimany, is one of the most important medieval Catalan-language grammars to modern historians. His name is spelled Lluis dAverço ...

Ay

Ay was the penultimate pharaoh of Ancient Egypts 18th dynasty. He held the throne of Egypt for a brief four-year period, although he was a close advisor to two and perhaps three of the pharaohs who ruled before him and is thought to have been the ...

Aymon de Chisse

Aymon I died 1428 was the nephew of Ralph de Chisse, also bishop of Grenoble and later archbishop of Tarentaise. Aymon became bishop of Grenoble in 1388. As bishop and art lover he built the sanctuary of the cathedral mausoleum with its Gothic sc ...

John Ayres

Ayres was of very humble origin, and the date and place of his birth are unknown. Coming up from the country a poor lad, he became footman to Mr. William Ashhurst or Ashurst, alderman of London, then resident at Hornsey, who was knighted in 1689, ...

Azad Peroz

Azad Peroz, known in Arabic sources as Azad Firuz, was an Iranian nobleman who served as the governor of the Sasanian province of Mazun during the reign of king Khosrow II. He was the son of a certain Gushnasp, and was given the nickname of mukab ...

Babai of Seleucia-Ctesiphon

Babai, also Babaeus, was Catholicos of Seleucia-Ctesiphon and Patriarch of the Church of the East from 497 to 503. Under his leadership, the Church in Sasanian Empire became increasingly aligned with the Nestorian movement, declared heretical in ...

Agathocles of Bactria

Agathocles Dikaios was a Greco-Bactrian/ Indo-Greek king, who reigned between around 190 and 180 BC. He might have been a son of Demetrius and one of his sub-kings in charge of the Paropamisade between Bactria and Indus-Ganges plains. In that cas ...

Plato of Bactria

Plato was a Greco-Bactrian king who reigned for a short time in southern Bactria or the Paropamisade during the mid 2nd century BCE. The style of Platos coins suggests that he was a relative - most likely a brother since Plato is a middle-aged ma ...

Badr ul-Alam Syarif Hasyim Jamaluddin

Badr ul-Alam Syarif Hasyim Jamaluddin was the eighteenth Sultān of Aceh Darussalam in northern Sumatra. His brief reign marked a transition to more unsettled conditions in Aceh, as persons not belonging to the old sultans family tried to rule the ...

Baduarius

Baduarius was an East Roman aristocrat, the son-in-law of Byzantine emperor Justin II. Theophanes the Confessor erroneously calls him a brother of the Emperor.

Baetan mac Ninneda

Baetan mac Ninneda was an Irish king of the Cenel Conaill, a sept of the northern Ui Neill. He was the son of Ninnid mac Duach and great grandson of Conall Gulban. He was a member of the Cenel nDuach branch of the Cenel Conaill. He is counted as ...

Balakros

Balakros, also Balacrus, the son of Nicanor, one of Alexander the Greats "Somatophylakes", was appointed satrap of Cilicia after the Battle of Issus, 333 BC. He succeeded to the last Achaemenid satrap of Cilicia, Arsames.

Baldwin (abbot of Bury St Edmunds)

Baldwin was a French monk and royal physician. He became a monk in France before coming to England to serve as King Edward the Confessors doctor. He served as a prior before becoming abbot of Bury St Edmunds in 1065. As abbot he promoted the cult ...

Hamelin de Ballon

Hamelin de Ballon, (b ca. 1060, died 5 March 1105/6, was an early Norman Baron and the first Baron Abergavenny and Lord of Over Gwent and Abergavenny; he also served William Rufus.

Ban Mueang

The name Ban Mueang Thai: บานเมือง means "one who delights the nation". In Thai, the name is usually misspelt as "บาลเมือง", which is pronounced the same and means "one who protects the nation". He is merely referred to as Ban บาน in the Pu Khun ...

Pietro Andrea Barbieri Pucciardi

Pietro Antonio or Pier Antonio Barbieri or Barbieri Pucciardi was an Italian painter, active in Rome, as a painter of religious subjects.

Pietro Barbolano

Pietro Barbolano was the 28th Doge of Venice. Reportedly a descendant of the legendary Eraclea, he was elected by the assembly of the nobles after the deposition of his predecessor, Otto Orseolo. The dates of his birth and death are unknown.

Barnabas of Terni

He belonged to the noble family of the Manassei and was a Doctor of Medicine and well versed in letters and philosophy before he entered the Order of Friars Minor in Umbria.

Jim Barnes (American football)

Jim Donald Barnes is a former American football offensive guard. He played for the Arkansas Razorbacks and was selected as a consensus first-team All-American in 1968.

Angelo Michele Bartolotti

Angelo Michele Bartolotti was an Italian guitarist, theorbo player and composer. Bartolotti was probably born in Bologna, Italy, as he describes himself as "Bolognese" on the title page of his first guitar book and "di Bologna" on the title page ...

Basil Theodorokanos

Basil III Theodorokanos or Theodorocanus was the Byzantine Catepan of Italy from February to the Spring of 1043. He was a patrician and a former companion in arms of George Maniakes when he was appointed to go to Apulia and Calabria and put down ...

Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor and Nazarius

Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor and Nazarius are saints of the Roman Catholic Church, mentioned in the Martyrology of Bede and earlier editions of the Roman Martyrology for 12 June as four Roman martyrs who suffered death under Diocletian. It has been ...

Basiliscus

Basiliscus was Eastern Roman Emperor from 475 to 476. A member of the House of Leo, he came to power when Emperor Zeno was forced out of Constantinople by a revolt. Basiliscus was the brother of Empress Aelia Verina, who was the wife of Emperor L ...

Adrien Basin

Adrien Basin was a Franco-Flemish composer, singer, and diplomat of the Burgundian School of the early Renaissance. He was listed along with Antoine Busnois and Hayne van Ghizeghem as one of the personal singers to Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgu ...

Bassus of Nice

Saint Bassus of Nice is a 3rd-century Roman Catholic saint and martyr, traditionally the earliest named bishop of Nice. He was active on the Cote dAzur, and was martyred for his faith under the Emperor Decius by being burned with red-hot blades a ...

Batbayan

Batbayan ruled the Khazarian Bulgars mentioned by Theophanes and Nicephorus after the Khazars defeated the Bulgars and Old Great Bulgaria disintegrated. There is a scholarly theory that he may have been the same person as Bezmer of the Nominalia ...

Baudilus

Saint Baudilus is venerated as a martyr by the Catholic Church. His cult is closely associated with the city of Nimes but also spread into Spain. The first missionary in Nimes is said to have been Saint Saturnin Saturninus, who was sent by Pope F ...

Baudovinia

Baudonivia was a nun and hagiographer at the convent of Holy Cross of Poitiers. Very little is known about her. She is the author of the "second part" in truth a new version of the Vita Radegundis, a biography of Frankish queen and founder of the ...

Flavius Bauto

Flavius Bauto was a Romanised Frank who served as a magister militum of the Roman Empire. When the usurper Magnus Maximus invaded Italy in an attempt to replace Valentinian II, Bauto led the forces of the Emperor Theodosius I and defeated the reb ...

Bay (chancellor)

Bay, also called Ramesse Khamenteru, was an important Asiatic official in ancient Egypt, who rose to prominence and high office under Seti II Userkheperure Setepenre and later became an influential powerbroker in the closing stages of the 19th Dy ...

Beadwulf

Beadwulf was the last Bishop of Candida Casa to be consecrated by the Northumbrian Archbishop of York. He appears in four years of the chronicles and nowhere else. Nothing else is known of him, and his sole historical significance is that he was ...

Girard de Beaulieu

Girard de Beaulieu, better known by the incorrectly recorded name Lambert de Beaulieu was a French bass singer, instrumentalist, and composer. He was employed at the court of Henri III as basse singer and composer from 1559. He was associated wit ...

Beccan mac Luigdech

Beccan mac Luigdech was a 7th-century Irish poet and monk of Iona. He is known for having composed two vernacular poems, Fo reir Choluimb and Tiugraind Beccain, which were written c. 640 in praise of St Columba, the founder of Iona. Along with Am ...

Thomas Beedome

Beedome was the author of a short volume of verses, posthumously published in 1641 under the title of Poems Divine and Humane. The collection was edited by Henry Glapthorne, the dramatist and poet, who prefixed a short prose address "to the reade ...

Beli I of Alt Clut

Beli I was a ruler of Alt Clut, the Brittonic kingdom later known as Strathclyde, some time in the 7th century. Very little is known of him, but his family appears to have been very well connected in northern Britain. The Harleian genealogies nam ...

Bartolomeo Bellano

Bartolomeo Bellano, also known as Bartolomeo Vellano, was an Italian renaissance sculptor and architect who was born in Padua in 1437 or 1438. He was the son of a goldsmith and became a student of the sculptor Donatello, with whom he worked on ma ...

Ben-Hadad I

Ben-Hadad I, son of Tabrimmon and grandson of Hezion, was king of Aram-Damascus between 885 BC and 865 BC. A figure known only from the Old Testament, Ben-Hadad I was reportedly a contemporary of king Baasha and Ahab of the Kingdom of Israel and ...

William Bendings

William Bendings was an English judge and county sheriff. According to Gerald of Wales, Bendings was sent to Ireland by Henry II in 1176 as one of four envoys, of whom two were to remain with the viceroy, Richard FitzGilbert, Earl of Striguil, an ...

Francesco Bendusi

Francesco Bendusi was an Italian composer of the 16th century. He was active in Venice where Antonio Gardano notably published his Opera nova de Balli di Francesco Bendusi a quatro accomodati da cantare & sonare dogni sorte de stromenti in 1553. ...

Benedetto II Zaccaria

Benedetto II Zaccaria was the co-Lord of Chios, as well as many other Aegean islands from 1314 until ca. 1325. Benedetto II was the cousin of Paleologo Zaccaria, and succeeded him in Chios and other lands in the Aegean Sea together with his broth ...

Antipope Benedict X

Pope/Antipope Benedict X was born Giovanni, a son of Guido, a brother of the notorious Pope Benedict IX, a member of the dominant political dynasty in the region at that time. He reportedly later was given the nickname of Mincius due to his ignor ...

Berengar, Bishop of Passau

Berengar of Passau was the Bishop of Passau from 1013 to 1045. Berengar was the son of a wealthy citizen and probably one of the few Bishops of Passau born in Passau. During Berengars reign, the Hungarian Queen Gisela came to Passau to enter the ...

Humphrey Berisford

Christopher Greens F manuscript, now in the English College, Rome, says of Berisford that he was a gentleman of Derbyshire, the son of an esquire, whose father was a Protestant, and that he studied at Douay for about two years. Of Berisfords conf ...

Berlinghiero Berlinghieri

Berlinghiero Berlinghieri, also known as Berlinghiero of Lucca, was an Italian painter of the early thirteenth century. He was the father of the painters Barone Berlinghieri, Bonaventura Berlinghieri, and Marco Berlinghieri.

Bermudo (bishop of Oviedo)

Bermudo or Vermudo was the ninth Bishop of Oviedo. Historians and clerics Manuel Risco and Carlos Gonzalez de Posada both date his episcopate to 976–92. Since his predecessor, Diego, is not mentioned in any document after May 971 and no bishop of ...