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Uradel

Uradel is a genealogical term introduced in late 18th-century Germany to distinguish those families whose noble rank can be traced to the 14th century or earlier. The word stands opposed to Briefadel, a term used for titles of nobility created in ...

Dutch nobility

With the constitutional reform of 1848, the nobles lost their constitutional role with regards to selecting members for the States-Provincial. Thereafter, the only privileges currently enjoyed by the nobility are the carrying of titles and the gr ...

Christoffel van IJsselstein

Christoffel van IJsselstein was the illegitimate son of Frederik of Egmont, Count of Buren and Leerdam, Lord of IJsselstein, and an unknown mother. He was appointed as bailiff of Sint-Maartensdijk and Scherpenisse by his father and is cited as su ...

Earl of Clancarty

The title was created for the first time in 1658 in favour of Donough MacCarty, 2nd Viscount Muskerry, of the MacCarthy of Muskerry dynasty. He had earlier represented County Cork in the Irish House of Commons. Lord Clancarty had already been cre ...

Constant de Rebecque

The house of de Constant de Rebecque is an ancient French noble family first attested in the 860s. After having converted to Protestantism and sided with Henri IV as high ranking officers during the Huguenot Wars, most of the family fled France f ...

House of Limburg-Stirum

The house of Limburg Stirum, which adopted its name in the 12th century from the immediate county of Limburg an der Lenne in what is now Germany, is one of the oldest families in Europe. It is the eldest and only surviving branch of the House of ...

Land van Arkel

The Land van Arkel was a fief of the Counts of Holland, and was managed by the Lords of Arkel until 1412. The territory was bordered by the river Merwede on the south, and the river Linge on the east. The northern border might have reached as far ...

Estonian Knighthood

The Estonian Knighthood was a fiefdom that operated in the northern part of modern Estonia. It was formed in 1584 by the Baltic German nobles and disbanded in 1920. Just like other Baltic knighthoods, the Estonian also had semi-autonomous privile ...

Ratu

Ratu is an Austronesian title used by male Fijians of chiefly rank. An equivalent title, Adi, is used by females of chiefly rank. In the Malay language, the title Ratu is also the traditional honorific title to refer to the ruling king or queen i ...

Roko (title)

Roko is a title of chiefly rank, specifically from the Lau Islands of Fiji. Its equivalent from the Kubuna Confederacy is the Bauan form of Ratu and Ro from parts of the Burebasaga Confederacy. This title was widely used among members of the chie ...

Fakpure

The Fakpure was the secular ruler of Rotuma in the pre-European contact times. It was one of three chiefly roles with direct influence across the island of Rotuma, the other two being the Mua and the Sau. Traditionally the most senior political a ...

Qaranivalu

The Qaranivalu is a senior Chief of Naitasiri Province in Fiji. The Qaranivalu since 1997 is Ratu Inoke Takiveikata. He had played the role of facilitator of the Muanikau Accord between the Fiji Military and coup leader George Speight and his gro ...

Roko Sau

Sau Mai Kedekede now more commonly referred to as Sau ni Vanua ko Lau is one of the preeminent titles held by the Paramount Chief of the Lau Islands in Fiji.

Roko Tui Bau

Turaga na Roko Tui Bau is a vassal chief to the Vunivalu of Bau, Paramount Chief of the Kubuna Confederacy. From his seat at the chiefly residence of Naicobocobo, the Roko Tui Bau is Suzerain of the Vusaratu chiefs which include the Roko Tui Viwa ...

Roko Tui Dreketi

This title is considered the second most senior in Fijis House of Chiefs. The dynasty holding the title is the Tuisawau family. Unlike many other chiefly titles, this one is not reserved for males, as it had become a common occurrence among many ...

Taukei ni Waluvu

Taukei ni Waluvu is a Fijian phrase for "Native of the Flood." It is the traditional chiefly title of the warrior hill clan Siko-Natabutale of Nairukuruku village. The history of the clan from the mid- nineteenth century, represent the social str ...

Tora ni Bau

There are three confederacies in the Fijian Traditional Government, Kubuna, Tovata and Burebasaga. One of the two Paramount chiefly tribes in the Kubuna Confederacy is the "ToraniBau" the other The first known documented and installed Tora ni Bau ...

Tui Lau

Maafu was disclaimed as a Tongan Prince by his cousin King George Tupou I. Since the Vuanirewa Clan of the Lau Islands considered Maafu as their own, they therefore installed him as the first Tui Lau. The title was later revived in 1938 by the Vu ...

Tui Nadi

Tui Nadi is the title of the Paramount Chief of Nadi, in Fiji. The Tui Nadi hails from the village of Narewa, and exercises chiefly authority over the subdistricts of Nadi and Sikituru. The title has been in dispute between two contenders for the ...

Tui Nayau

Tu’i Nayau is the title held by the paramount chief of the Lau Islands in Fiji and is synonymous with the title holders over lordship of these islands. When translated, Tu’i Nayau means "Lord of Nayau", an island north of Lakeba, the latter accep ...

Turaga na Rasau

Turaga na Rasau is a traditional Fijian chiefly title of the Lau Islands. Prior to Fijis colonial days, Fiji had many different Vanua with their own Paramount Chieftain which exercised no authority over the other; a saying from the island of Kada ...

Turaga na Ratu ni Natauiya

The Turaga na Ratu ni Natauiya is one of the tribal chiefs who lead a sub-district in the district of Saivou in Ra Province, on the western side of Fiji. Five villages abide by the leadership of the Turaga na Ratu ni Natauiya: Rokoroko Nanukuloa ...

Vuanirewa

The Vuanirewa is the ruling tribe of the Lau Islands, a scattered group of more than a hundred islands and reefs along the eastern edge of Fiji.

Vunivalu of Bau

Turaga na Vunivalu ni Bau is the Paramount Chief of the Kubuna Confederacy, loosely translated the title means Warlord of Bau or Root of War. The succession to the title does not follow primogeniture, but the candidate must be a high-ranking memb ...

Boxer Codex

The Boxer Codex, sometimes known as the Manila Manuscript, is a manuscript written c. 1590, which contains illustrations of ethnic groups in the Philippines, ethnic groups across Southeast Asia, East Asia, and Micronesia at the time of their init ...

Cabeza de Barangay

The Cabeça de Barangay, also known as Teniente del Barrio in Spanish, was the leader or chief of a barangay in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period. The post was inherited from the first datus who became cabezas de barangay when the ...

Datu

Datu is a title which denotes the rulers of numerous indigenous peoples throughout the Philippine archipelago. The title is still used today, especially in Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan, but it was used much more extensively in early Philippine hist ...

Datu Ali

Datu Ali, a prominent Moro Chieftain of great distinction, the brother of Datu Djimbangan and Sultan Tambilawan of Kudarangan, and was the Rajahmuda of Tinukop before succeeding his cousin, Datu Uto as Sultan of Bwayan from 1899 until 1905. A ris ...

Datu Djimbangan

Datu Djimbangan - known as Midted Sa Inged of the Sultanate of Kudarangan, is the son of Sultan Bayao Bin Sultan Maitum, cousin of Datu Uto and elder brother of Sultan Tambilawan of Kudarangan and adviser to Datu Ali in the war against Pre-Spanis ...

Datu Uto

Datu Uto was also known as Sultan Anwarud-din Uto or Sultan Utto Anwaruddin, was the 18th Sultan of Buayan, one of the minor sultanates of Mindanao. As a military leader he distinguished himself in many battles against the Spanish.

Dimasangcay Adel

Sultan Dimasangcay Adel was the fourth sultan of Maguindanao in the Philippines. He was a direct descendant of Sharif Kabungsuwan, the first sultan of Maguindanao. He was the son of Sultan Bangkaya with his Maguindanao wife. Dimasangcay also had ...

Gobernadorcillo

The gobernadorcillo was a municipal judge or governor in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period, who carried out in a town the combined charges or responsibilities of leadership, economic, and judicial administration. The gobernadorci ...

Gugu Sarikula

Sultan Gugu Sarikula was the fifth sultan of Maguindanao in the Philippines. Sarikula was a direct descendant of Sharif Kabungsuwan, the first sultan of Maguindanao. He was the son of Sultan Bangkaya with his Matampay wife. Sarikula also had half ...

Jayadewa

Jayadewa or Jayadeva was the name of the Lord Minister of Pailah at the time that the Indianized-Sanskritized Laguna Copperplate Inscription was written in c. 900 CE. According to the document, he served as the representative of the "Commander in ...

Hadji Kamlon

Datu Hadji Kamlon, also known as Maas Kamlon, was a Tausug who fought during the Second World War, and afterwards, staged his own uprising against the Philippine government under Presidents Elpidio Quirino and Ramon Magsaysay. He is regarded as a ...

Maginoo

The Tagalog maginoo, the Kapampangan ginu, and the Visayan tumao were the nobility social class among various cultures of the pre-colonial Philippines. Among the Visayans, the tumao were further distinguished from the immediate royal families, th ...

Maharlika

The Maharlika were the feudal warrior class in ancient Tagalog society in Luzon the Philippines translated in Spanish as Hidalgos. They belonged to the lower nobility class similar to the Timawa of the Visayan people. In modern Filipino, however, ...

Maragtas

The Maragtas is a work by Pedro Alcantara Monteclaro titled History of Panay from the first inhabitants and the Bornean immigrants, from which they descended, to the arrival of the Spaniards. The work is in mixed Hiligaynon and Kinaray-a language ...

Paramount rulers in early Philippine history

The term Paramount Ruler, or sometimes Paramount Datu, is a term applied by historians to describe the highest ranking political authorities in the largest lowland polities or inter-polity alliance groups in early Philippine history, most notably ...

Principalia

The Principalia or noble class was the ruling and usually educated upper class in the pueblos of the Spanish Philippines, comprising the Gobernadorcillo, who was later referred to as Capitan Municipal, Lieutinants of Justice, and the Cabezas de B ...

Salakot

Salakot is a traditional lightweight headgear from the Philippines used for protection against the sun and rain. They are usually dome-shaped or cone-shaped and can range in size from having very wide brims to being almost helmet-like. They are m ...

Timawa

The Timawa were the feudal warrior class of the ancient Visayan societies of the Philippines. They were regarded as higher than the uripon but below the Tumao in the Visayan social hierarchy. They were roughly similar to the Tagalog maharlika cas ...

Ci-devant

In post-Revolutionary France, ci-devant nobility were those nobles who refused to be reconstituted into the new social order or to accept any of the political, cultural, and social changes brought about in France by the French Revolution. They we ...

Nobility of the First French Empire

As Emperor of the French, Napoleon I created titles of nobility to institute a stable elite in the First French Empire, after the instability resulting from the French Revolution. Like many others, both before and since, Napoleon found that the a ...

Nobles of the Robe

Under the Ancien Regime of France, the Nobles of the Robe or Nobles of the Gown were French aristocrats whose rank came from holding certain judicial or administrative posts. As a rule, the positions did not of themselves give the holder a title ...

Nobles of the Sword

The Nobles of the Sword were the noblemen of the oldest class of nobility in France dating from the Middle Ages and the Early Modern period, and arguably still in existence by descent. It was originally the knightly class, owing military service ...

Parlement

The parlements), also referred to as Parliaments of the Kingdom of France, were provincial appellate courts under the French Ancien Regime. In 1789, France had 13 parlements, the most important of which was the Parliament of Paris. While the Engl ...

Chrodbert (count palatine of Chlothar III)

Chrodbert was a nobleman from Neustria. He was grandson to Chrodbert I, referendary to Clovis II through his son Lambert of Hesbaye. Chrodbert was Lord Chancellor during the reign of Chlothar III, King of the Franks in Neustria, as well as refere ...

Count of Diois

Count of Diois is a title of nobility, originally in French peerage. It was created in 1350 inside Dauphine of Viennois Patrimony by Philip VI of France when Humbert II of Viennois sold his lands and titles to King Philip VI of France. All patrim ...

County of Valentinois

The County of Valentinois was a fiefdom within Dauphine Viennois and was a part of the Holy Roman Empire from 1032 until the sixteenth century. The last Dauphine, Humbert II de la Tour-du-Pin depleted his treasury by funding an unsuccessful Crusa ...