ⓘ Canada Alamosa, New Mexico
Canada Alamosa an Americanized version of the Spanish Cañada Alamosa, is a term historically applied to five geographical features, all in the same immediate area in southwest Socorro and northwest Sierra Counties, New Mexico. In historical texts the name, Canada Alamosa is applied inter-changeably to the five features, and it is often only the context that distinguishes one feature from the other.
Canada Alamosa can refer to:1) Cañada Alamosa, the entire valley, glen or ravine composing the watershed of Alamosa Creek, which includes the box canyon midway along its length. It was later all renamed Monticello Canyon. Alamosa Creek was also originally known as Arroyo Alamosa, or Rio Alamosa or later Alamosa River, 2) The box canyon, part of Cañada Alamosa, midway along the course of Alamosa Creek, which box canyon is also known today as Monticello Canyon, or Monticello Box Canyon, or simply Monticello Box, 3) The area of Cañada Alamosa above Monticello Box, the box canyon which the Warm Springs band of Apaches regard as their home-base, and which contains the site of a warm springs Ojo Caliente, whose waters flow down the creek of Spring Canyon southward into Alamosa Creek just above the upper end of the box canyon, 4) Canada Alamosa, the Americanized name that Union Army reports called San Ygnacio de Alamosa or Alamosa, site of the Battle of Canada Alamosa, 5) Canada Alamosa, the Americanized historic name of Cañada Alamosa a small largely Hispanic community which was settled from San Ygnacio de Alamosa in about 1863-65 a few miles south of the box canyon on Alamosa Creek, but which changed its name in 1881 to the present name of Monticello, New Mexico.
Canada-Alamosa is the historic name for the area in which the Apache group is seen as a family in the mid 1800-ies. Among these bands were the warm springs group of the Chihenne, or red paint people. The area is centered on the Canada Alamosa, a high wall of a box canyon with a length of about 12 kilometers, halfway along Alamosa Creek. Because canyon Creek is also referred to as Canada Alamosa. Cowhide bracelet springs is considered the heart of their homeland to be a warm springs, Ojo Caliente, located on the Western entrance to the canyon. The Federal government intermittently maintained a number of Indian agencies in Apache based on Ojo Caliente and the Canada Alamosa area from 1852 to 1877.
Between 1863 and 1866, the community of native new Mexican settlers from San ygnacio de La Alamosa, and several former soldiers of the Union Army, was established on Alamosa Creek that became known as Canada Alamosa. It was located about 16 miles South of Ojo Caliente, and about 4 miles South of the Creek canyon. After the town was established leaders of the Chihenne, or warm springs band of Apaches made a Treaty with the inhabitants of the city that allegedly never broken because it provided economic impact for residents of the town and the Chihenne Apaches. Under this Treaty a dubious and shadowy trade was carried out, in which the Apaches brought stolen horses, cattle, mules, and cattle, together with the stolen things back to Canada Alamosa, although historians Apache will challenge it. It was the trophies taken in wars with the settlers and travelers in new Mexico, Arizona and Mexico that was sold for whisky, ammunition and various necessities. In 1874 an Agency was constructed at Ojo Caliente for the warm Apache springs. In a sudden reversal of policy, this Agency was abolished after 1877 and warm group of sources was moved to the reservation in San Carlos. Some of the warm springs group refused to accept this transfer, and the war leaders Victorio and Nana entered a period of ongoing guerrilla war with the United States and Mexican forces at the end of which they either became the victims of disparate conflicts, or were forced to surrender and taken into captivity or into reservations far from Canada Alamosa area.
In 1881, after his days as an illegal shopping Mall in the past, in the town of Canada Alamosa changed its name to Monticello, and since then, the Alamosa canyon sometimes referred to as Monticello Canyon, or Monticello canyon. Today, Canada the district of Alamos remains isolated and sparsely populated areas in southwest Socorro County and Northwest Sierra County, new Mexico. Monticello, although still inhabited, is reduced in population and is listed as a Ghost town. The Adobe ruins of the old Agency Ojo Caliente melted into the ground. At Ojo Caliente hot springs, at the upper entrance to the Canada Alamosa in Alamosa Creek in southwest Socorro County, new Mexico 33.570084°-107.595117° generates the main part of the flow from Canada Alamosa, which passes through the gorge, and then gathered in the ditch system, is spent on small local fields along Alamosa Creek, above and below Monticello.
Note 1 Ojo Caliente hot springs, an uninhabited area at the upstream entrance to the Canada Alamosa in Alamosa Creek in southwest Socorro County, new Mexico 33.570084°-107.595117° should not be confused with Ojo Caliente, the new Mexico, small unincorporated community in Taos County, new Mexico 36.304545° -106.051235° at Ojo Caliente Rio, about 200 miles to the North and East. Note 2 to Alamosa Creek, referred to in this article, which stretches from the southwestern part of Socorro County in the North-West of Sierra County should not be confused with Alamosa Creek, which is located in the Northern County of Socorro.