ⓘ Plymouth Pinelands

                                     

ⓘ Plymouth Pinelands

Southeastern Massachusetts, Cape Cod and the islands of Nantucket and Marthas Vineyard - the area that encompasses the Massachusetts Coastal Pine Barrens hosts some of the most significant natural communities in the Northeastern United States. Outwash from the last of numerous glacial periods left thick glacial deposits of sand and gravel, providing the geologic foundation for the globally rare pine barrens. This fire-adapted forest and its coastal components are home to a host of rare species found almost nowhere else in the world. Interspersed among the over 500.000 acres 80 km² of fragmented pine barrens are dozens of remarkable coastal plain ponds, remarkable frost pockets, a wide variety of shapes and sizes of its signature tree - the fire-dependent pitch pine, the federally endangered Plymouth red-bellied turtles and other globally rare plant communities on top of deep deposits of glacially-deposited sands which filter and protect several sole-source aquifers including the Plymouth/Carver Sole Source Aquifer - the largest drinking water aquifer in the state of Massachusetts.