ⓘ Three Forks (Oklahoma)


ⓘ Three Forks (Oklahoma)

Three Forks Oklahoma is an imprecisely defined area of what is now eastern Oklahoma, around the confluence of the Arkansas, Verdigris, and Grand Rivers. The term, "Three Forks," was apparently used to designate this area as early as 1719, when the French trader Bernard de la Harpe traveled through the area, meeting and trading with members of the Wichita tribe at a place on the Arkansas River immediately south of the present city of Tulsa.

Located in the transition between the Ozark mountains on the East and the cross Timbers / Sandstone hills in the West, this area is the wettest part of Oklahoma, typically receive at least 40 inches 1.000 mm of rain per year. Bison, and other fur-bearing animals were abundant, making this a bright hunting grounds for centuries. Archaeologists have found evidence of settlements from at least 5000 BC

According to Oklahoma historian Grant foreman, he was a Spanish Minister, who in 1802 was granted the monopoly on trade with the Osage Indians, who then claimed control over the area, Manuel Lisa, Charles Sanguinet, Francis M. Benoit and Gregoire Sarpy. It is effective to wash away Pierre Sciuto, a Frenchman and a resident of St. Louis, who enjoyed a monopoly in the past twenty years. Chouteau became a great influence in Osage, and refused to take this lying down. He convinced about two thousand of their number to choose a new chief by the name Cashesegra, or a large track and to move from their homes on the Missouri river in three forks, where the Arkansas, the Grand river and verdigris joined. This area was under at least nominal control of the French government, not Spanish, as Chouteau was legally free to trade with these Osage.

Forman also wrote that after the purchase of Louisiana became a reality osaji was notified by an official letter. In Osage, then headed home to Clermont, just threw the letter into the fire. They refused to admit that their friends, the French will sell their land, and that they must swear allegiance to the USA. According to Forman, this answer was given by Lewis and Clark during their expedition stood on the banks of the Osage river on may 31, 1804.

Osage, who moved to three forks to live well. Temperamental and aggressive, they soon supplanted Washitas and intimidated small tribes who already lived in the area. Then they dominated the fur trade with the French, who came to the Chouteaus trading post. It wasnt long before the Cherokee, who had already left their ancestral homes in the South-Eastern States to settle in the territory of Arkansas began to encroach on Osage newly acquired hunting grounds. One source claims that between 1790 and 1820, about 5.000 Cherokee settlers built farms and ranches on the Land they now claimed as their territory tribes. These two tribes participating in the 10-year war, which will not obey another, but the Osage, finally realized that they could not win. An agreement was reached by which the Osage made a big order elsewhere.

Three forks is still used in the 21st century in reference to the same geographical area, now at least a part of the modern Cherokee, Muskogee and Wagoner districts. When the McClellan-Kerr navigation system of the Arkansas river began to function in 1971, an important segment of the port of Muskogee was officially called the three forks-port.