ⓘ Pembina Trail

                                     

ⓘ Pembina Trail

The Pembina Trail was a trail used by Metis and settlers to travel from Fort Garry, Manitoba, to Pembina, North Dakota. The trail followed South along the Red River, and there were many alternative routes depending on conditions and which communities the travellers wanted to avoid. The Pembina Trail is the beginning of the larger Red River Trail network, and is no longer in use today as a trail, however, a modified version of it has been paved to become the Lord Selkirk/Pembina highways.

In Pembina trail and network of trails Red river regularly use at least since 1823. In the settlements along the red river between Fort Garry and Pembina grew up, was built the Church, and the inhabitants began to communicate with other communities, resulting in increased travel to and from. In Pembina the trail was used only for trips between Fort Garry and Pembina for social or political reasons, it was also used as the main route to get to the trails the Red river. This connection is very important, because it enabled groups of Metis and settlers to get access to the ever decreasing population of the Buffalo bisons in the Prairie.

The trail began at Fort Garry and made its way South, passing through 49 th parallel of North latitude, or the canadian-American border. As a mixed breed of different stories with many other indigenous communities, the path is often deviated to avoid coming in contact with any enemies. A letter written by father Joseph Provencher provides evidence for another reason the settlers and Metis can visit Pembina to avoid the harsh winter climate from Fort Garry:

Mr. of Dumoulin on the Prairie on pembina. He follows in the Bois brules*, which almost completely abandon the post when they go out hunting, forcing to go in large groups to protect themselves from the insults of the Sioux, which had not yet done any harm, as I wrote in the past. He is busy instructing them on how to prepare children for baptism, he also says mass on Sundays. I havent made the trip to pembina. The journey is not without danger, Ill probably spend the winter or part of it, is. Life is easier there to chickpeas 1942:373.

As a result of mixing of cultures was prominent along the trails as they passed through numerous indigenous and settler communities. As the groups passed, they will contact and build relationships that are key to their success as a community. This cultural difference creates an ambiguity in the record, and some were written using Metis or vision of indigenous peoples, while most of them were written with the view of the settlers. Once in Pembina, travelers have access to three major routes of the red river trails network in the East plains trail, the West plains trail and the forest trail. In the forest, the trail is often confused as Pembina trail, but they are two separate networks.

Today, more direct version Pembina the trail was paved and now serves the Lord Selkirk / Pembina highways, which are laid along the red river between Winnipeg and Pembina.

* as Bois brules is a derogatory term and should not be used.